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Leguminosae (Pea (Legume) Family)

Trifolium pratense

Clover, Red


Each flower head is composed of many small flowers







Note the nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots






Plant TypeForb
Life CycleAnnual
OriginEurope
Wild/CultivatedWild
Flower Colorred
Number of Petals100
HabitatOpen fields, roadsides. Anywhere with lots of sun.
DescriptionA very common plant. This pea family member has round, composite, pinkish flowers and triangular compound leaves with three leaflets bearing white triangular marks. The leaves and stems can be covered with small hairs.
EdibilityThe flowers can be eaten raw in salads or cooked into various foods (breads, muffins, etc.). They can also be batter dipped and fried for an excellent snack. The leaves can be eatern raw as well. However, this plant is very high in nitrogen which, if eaten in quantity, can cause cramps. Cooking may lessen this effect. The flowers can be dried for tea. When drying any part of this plant be alert for mold growth and discard if any mold is present. Faster drying will help to prevent molding.
Other NotesAs a member of the pea family (leguminosae), this plant contains nitrogen fixing bacteria in its roots.
My girlfriend's favourite wild flower.